Let’s see the standard kitchen size according to regulations and the best practices for its design and installation. Tips are included to achieve the best performance.
The measurements of a kitchen depend on a large number of factors, objective and subjective.
|Objective Factors||Subjective Factors|
|-New construction or reform.||-Culture and traditions.|
|-Budget available.||-Personal desires and tastes.|
|-Number of people.||-Physical composition.|
|-Local regulations.||-Offers in the market.|
|-Weather conditions.||-Interior design of the house.|
All these aspects, and others, must be analyzed to carry out the design, construction and installation of a custom kitchen.
It is very important that the design adapts to the existing space, the style and the wishes of the family members. To do this, you have to select the BEST KITCHEN LAYOUTS and take advantage of its characteristics.
Standard Kitchen Size and Regulations
Kitchen Area Measurements
|Kitchen Built Area||Minimum||Recommended|
|For 1 person||5.0 m²||6.0 m²|
|For 2 persons||7.0 m²||8.0 m²|
|For 3 people||8.0 m²||9.0 m²|
|For 4 people||8.0 m²||12.0 m²|
|More than 4 people||9.0 m²||+ 15.0 m²|
Minimum Side of a Kitchen Space
For kitchens with a single front , it can be from 150 cm (60 cm worktop plus 90 cm corridor).
For kitchens with two work fronts , it can be from 210 cm with two 60 cm worktops plus a corridor of at least 110 cm (small kitchens up to 9 m²) and corridors of 120 to 130 cm (larger kitchens with more than 9 m² ).
Minimum Kitchen Width
|Smaller side of a Kitchen|
|Minimal, with a work front||150cm|
|Two work fronts||210 to 220cm|
|Two fronts with island||More than 370cm|
Minimum Aisle Width
|For 1 work front||90 to 100cm|
|For 2 work fronts||120 to 130cm|
Work Surface Area
In this aspect, the areas occupied by the sink and the hob would already be included, in addition to the work surface on the countertop. The area occupied by the refrigerator or other equipment is not included (they are not support/work areas).
|Work surface (up to 4 people)||Area||Long||Broad|
|Work surface (more than 4 people)||Area||Long||Broad|
|Recommended||3.5 to 4.0 m²||6.6ml||0.60m|
Work surfaces are used for food preparation. These are located between the refrigerator and the sink, and between the sink and the cooking zone.
It is recommended that the work surface have both natural lighting and artificial lighting (general and direct on the work space).
Must have at least one double outlet.
Next to the refrigerator there must be a free surface on a plateau of 30 x 60 cm.
On each side of the sink there should be a free counter surface 45 to 60 cm x 60 cm. The sink should be 2 bowls, and with a drainer.
On each side of the stove there must be a free surface (on a plateau) of 30 to 40 cm x 60 cm.
The volume or storage space will depend on the number of people in the home. A minimum volume of 0.25 m3 per person should be considered. It can be considered in a closet or kitchen furniture.
Standard Kitchen Cabinet Measurements
The following image shows at what height the kitchen furniture should be. It is a full kitchen with 8 modules of 60 cm.
Standard Kitchen Size according to Regulations
The length of the countertops depends on its material. Granite, quartz and marble countertops allow greater lengths, reaching up to 3.60 meters.
At the same time, the length of the countertop adjusts to the number of modules or shelves that make up a section of the kitchen, and to their quantity.
You can also purchase countertop pieces and request a cut to size and vice versa.
The thickness of a kitchen countertop (cover) ranges from 2 to 3.8 cm, depending on its material.
Standard Counter Height
The typical counter height must correspond to the height of the person. The average height of people ranges between 1.65m (women) and 1.80m (men).
Standard Kitchen Counter Height
|Minimum Counter Height||85cm|
|Standard Deck Height||90 – 92cm|
|Maximum Counter Height||95cm|
If you want to make your plateau with a custom height, divide the height by 2 and add 5 cm.
The most common modules are 30, 40, 45, 50, 60, 70 and 80 cm long. The length of the countertop will be adjusted to the sum of these measurements, plus a 2 cm overhang.
How Long is a Typical Countertop in the Background?
The width or depth of a countertop ranges between 62 and 63 cm. These cover 58 cm of low shelf, the thickness of the door (2 cm) and 2.5 cm of overhang.
How much Does the Kitchen Counter stick out?
They generally protrude 2 cm, and can vary from 1.5 cm to 2.5 cm.
To size steps, doors and corridors we must take into account that a person transporting a tray needs between 85 and 90 cm wide to pass comfortably.
Typical Standard Measurements of a Kitchen Bar
|Height of a Kitchen Bar|
|Minimum Bar Height||90 – 95 cm (level with the counter)|
|Maximum Bar Height||110 – 115cm|
|Kitchen Bar Width|
|Minimum Bar Width||40cm|
|Recommended Bar Width||50 – 60cm|
The correct separation between the surface of the bar and the upper edge of the seat (stool) is 30 cm. The bar should not be too thick (6 to 8 cm) so that it does not bother the thighs.
How much should a bar measure for 4 people?
Below are different measures and prices of stools.
Measures of Kitchen Cabinets by Modules
Locating drawers at a height increases the storage volume. It is appropriate to install the cabinets from floor to ceiling, leaving no gaps between the cabinets and the ceiling. This prevents dirt and damage to the interior design.
Adequate handles, comfortable closing mechanisms, and space to store the necessary portable ladders (to access the upper shelves) must be provided.
Space Between Kitchen and Counter
The ideal space between the kitchen and the counter is 120 cm, and may be a little larger (130 cm) for long kitchens and (150 cm) for kitchens with two fronts and with a circulation corridor function.
In small kitchens , with two work fronts, but with low shelves on only one work front, the width between the kitchen and the counter can be from 90 to 100 cm.
Measurements of a Kitchen Island
A kitchen island should be at least 30 to 60 cm on each side of the hob or sink.
|Minimum Measures Kitchen Island|
|Height for support table||85 to 95cm|
|Minimum Width of Kitchen Island||60cm|
|Island width w/ sink or hob||90cm|
|Minimum kitchen island length||120cm|
|Island length with hob/cooking||150cm minimum|
|Island length with sink||Minimum of 160cm|
To see all the KITCHEN TABLE DIMENSIONS, please follow the link.
How Tall Should a Kitchen Bar Be?
The height of a kitchen bar can be different, in each house, depending on the design and its specific objectives.
|Minimun height||90 to 95cm|
|Maximum height||110 to 115cm|
|Kitchen bar width||45 to 60cm|
|Long||60 to 70 cm per stool|
Custom Kitchen Cabinets
Kitchen Sink Measurements
There are more and more offers of custom-made sinks (kitchen sinks with one bowl, two bowls, with drainer, etc.).
However, you can define what are the minimum and recommended measurements for a kitchen sink, simple sinks, with bowls, with grills included, etc.
These are suggestions according to regulations. The possibilities to buy, exceed it. When it comes to remodeling, and for building small houses with limited space, it’s good to have plenty of kitchen sink deals.
How Big is a Sink
|Depth||15 to 22 cm.|
More Standard Sizes of Kitchen Sinks, Single, Double…
Standard Sizes of Kitchen Sinks
There are also many possibilities to choose from. It is about choosing according to your dimensions, design and kitchen style. Let’s see some minimum recommended measures.
How Big is a Dishwasher
Measurements of a Small Kitchen on Two Fronts
Measurements of a Small Kitchen in Plan, U-Shaped
You can see many KITCHEN PLANS with measurements, following this link.
Measurements of Stoves, Stoves and Cooking Plates
The cooking equipment, whether it is called an induction hob, an electric stove or a gas stove, can have two main design and placement options: resting on a countertop or resting directly on the floor. In the latter case, it can have an oven or the like incorporated.
- Remember that it must have, at least on one side, a minimum support surface of 30 x 60 cm.
- The cooking area must be at least 90 cm wide, even if the stove or hob is small.
- The height of the cooking surface will be between 90 and 95 cm.
- In the design of the countertop or plateau, the height of the burner must be considered, adding between the two (countertop height plus height of the burner or hob), a maximum of 90 to 95 cm, depending on the height of the person.
- A greater height can cause discomfort and accidents.
- There must be an extraction hood, separated at least 65 cm from the cooking surface.
- Power outlets and voltage differ internationally. Some products may require an adapter. Please check compatibility before purchasing.
- They must be easy to clean.
- There must be a failure system that guarantees the gas automatically turns off if no flame is detected, to avoid gas leaks.
Below is a summary of some minimum recommended measures.
Measurements of a Cooking Plate
|Minimum Length 1 Burner 40-50 cm|
|Length with 2-6 Burners 60-80 cm|
|Maximum Stove Height 90-95 cm|
|Minimum Hood Height 65 cm|
How Big is a Stove
How Big is a Stove?
There are also many possibilities to choose from. Let’s look at a few options.
In any HOUSE DESIGN, interior lighting is essential. In the case of the kitchen, there must be natural, artificial, and direct general lighting, being distributed evenly. It must be neutral lighting.
There are two types of luminaires suitable for this, recessed luminaires or downlights, and surface luminaires. These should have a 60 degree cone of light, to achieve a better light distribution.
On an island with a cooktop, the exhaust hood must have integrated lighting fixtures.
How many Lumens are necessary to Illuminate a Kitchen?
|Artificial Lighting in the Kitchen|
|Skirting Height Wall Tiles|
|Recommended||Floor to Ceiling|
How Big Should a Kitchen Window Be?
The design and measurements of windows must be adapted to each situation.
The windows for the kitchen should try to capture the amount of natural light necessary. Of course, this depends on the location of the kitchen in the house, the design and layout of the kitchen, and its furniture.
It is also convenient to locate the windows giving good visibility to the entrance, a patio or garage. The height and its measurements influence this.
In integrated kitchens, the modules usually occupy an entire wall, and it is difficult to locate windows on it. So, you should try to position the window(s) so that natural light enters from the side, which does not cast shadows on the work area.
Doors in the Kitchen
Locating doors has the advantage of avoiding noise and odors from other rooms. Simplicity and functionality should be sought, so that it is not an obstacle.
The measurements of the door(s) must correspond to the size of the kitchen, its furniture and the width of the corridor. The width of the door must be at least 80 cm. In large kitchens, there may be two-leaf doors.
How Big is a Kitchen
Examples of Measurements of Kitchens with Different Sizes
You can see more KITCHEN PLANS