We need stairs to live in houses with 2 or more levels, even if we had an elevator inside the house, due to security requirements. Stairs are structures that have consecutive steps that serve to communicate the levels in a house or construction in general. They are structures, but they can also become true works of art within the space where they are presented.
Beyond simple steps and cute sculptural forms, stairs can be very functional elements within a HOME DESIGN, including storage solutions, interior gardens, attractive interior lighting designs, and even spaces to sit. It is for these various reasons that we must devote all the attention they deserve.
Types of Stairs
Stairs According to their Function and Location
Aluminum Stairs (For Work)
Below we see the main types of work stairs. There are other models with more specific designs and for specialized uses. However, the following are basic.
Geometric Shapes of Stairs
Following we will see the different names of stairs according to their geometric shape.
According to Architectural Design – Design Stairs
Classification of Stairs by the Number of Branches
Types according to Structural Design
By Type of Construction
According to Material
Actually there are more forms of classification, however here the main and most widespread have been exposed, showing images of types of stairs for houses.
The Parts of a Staircase… What are they called?
The stairs are made up of different elements. These may have all the elements or only some component parts or elements.
We will see what are THE PARTS OF A LADDER and their names. From the outset I tell you that there are at least 14 component parts of a ladder…
Stairs that you will love for their design and use of materials. Images of modern stair designs, stair ideas for second floor, minimalist or colonial stair architecture.
Photos of beautiful stairs in different materials, such as metal, concrete or wood, in correspondence to the style of the house you want to have or in which you already live… for small or large houses.
Stairs Ideas for Second Floor
Wood Design Stairs
Interior Stairs Design
Modern Design Stairs
Models of Stairs of a Branch
Straight staircases, with a single section. It is the simplest model. They are used in places with less traffic of people and bridge floor unevenness that are not very high. It is for this reason that they do not need breaks in between. They can be of different materials.
It must be remembered that the stairs of a flight or stairs of a single branch, should not have more than 16 to 18 steps. This number of continuous steps varies slightly from country to country, so it would be a good idea to check the regulations in your country.
In the event that you need the ladder, more than 18 steps, you must put an intermediate landing. So it would be a straight staircase with two flights, or an “L” staircase with two or more flights.
Models of House Stairs
Simple and Pretty Stairs
With interesting information, you can SEE MORE IDEAS about interior staircase design.
Following the link you will see varied and interesting designs of MODERN STAIRS of work and other styles.
Two Branch Stairs
What is a two-legged Ladder?
A two-flight staircase is one that has a continuous section + a landing + a section. Each section will be made up of a minimum of 3 steps and a maximum of 18 steps, as this is what is required by most STAIRS DESIGN REGULATIONS. The design can vary, being able to be “straight”, in “L”, “oblique” or spiral.
Pictures of Stairs
Images of Stairs for Houses
Photo of Staircase for Small Houses
Stairs Ideas for Small Houses
Images of Stairs for Second Floor
Spectacular Stairs Images
Ideas of Stairs of 3 Branches (of 3 sections)
With the variety of bathroom furniture assortments offered on the market, it is very likely that in most homes, you can have a half bathroom underneath. Good planning will allow it. SEE MORE examples with bathroom below.
Bleacher Designs with Garden
With Small Garden
Garden Under the Stairs
Concrete stairs are one of the most common, due to the benefits that reinforced concrete offers us, such as better versatility and lower cost, compared to metal stairs, for example.
Reinforced concrete, being moldable and resistant, allows you to build any type of staircase, be it one, two or three sections, whether in “L”, “U” or spiral. In addition, it can be adapted to any architectural style and to any weather or climate condition.
Another factor, in favor of concrete, is that these can be prefabricated or cast “in situ”. This decision will depend on your design, the facilities to build on site, the available budget, and the speed we need in the execution.
In the architecture of a house, it is a great complement to interior decoration, and even exterior, especially when we have large glass surfaces on the facade.
In buildings with a social function, places that are too important and crowded tend to have sculptural stair designs, thus giving a great hierarchy to hotel lobbies, sports centers, stores, among others.
There are several types of stands that are designed according to the place where they are located, the area in which they are arranged, the functionality and their structural and volumetric shape. Within these types, we find the CONCRETE STAIRS… You can follow the link.
Outdoor stairs must work in all types of environmental conditions and provide comfortable and safe ascents and descents, for all people: young and not so young… If you want to see MULTIPLE EXAMPLES of outdoor stairs, you can follow the link.
How to Build a Concrete Staircase (Step by Step)
Carrying out a CONSTRUCTION OF STAIRS inside a house is a complex task, since it is necessary to do (most likely) foundations, formwork, place the steel reinforcements, pour the concrete, complete the stairs with floats and cure it and remove the formwork after a certain time.
Different steps must be carried out in the construction sequence, such as, for example, setting out the concrete staircase in elevation, making the formwork, placing the steel covering pieces, placing the reinforcing steel, among others. Follow this methodology of HOW TO BUILD A CONCRETE STAIRCASE step by step.
Stairs that take up Less Space
The design of the interior staircase of a house must be adjusted to the dimensions of the house itself. If the house has little space, it is necessary to design stairs that take up less space, therefore, the model or design of the staircase must be adapted to this conditioning factor.
This is for reasons of occupying less space and avoiding being an obstacle to circulation, but also so that the interior design is adequate, without elements that are loud or out of scale.
Today, many people and families decide to build their houses smaller and smaller and… WHAT ARE THE STAIRS THAT TAKE UP LESS SPACE?
What are the Measurements of a Staircase, By Regulations
There are many different types of stairs, each with different characteristics. Some time ago, we published an article showing you 100 stair designs. These examples can be used for inspiration, but when forced to, each staircase is unique.
In the process of designing and building, there are a few things that you need to consider before you start using them. Before you call in a professional, read on and learn everything you need to know.
In small houses and small spaces, we need small stairs that fit the minimum existing space. So we need to know what the minimum measurements of this important architectural element are. Let’s see, WHAT ARE THE MEASURES of a ladder, by regulations.
Models of Interior Stairs for Second Floor (floating type)
In cantilevered or floating stairs for interiors, the steps do not have a riser and are suspended in the air, with a single point of support, so they must be well anchored to the load-bearing wall or support beam, to resist the weight of the people who they pass through them.
The flown stairs seem to float in space, with minimalist designs, ideal for contemporary interiors.
To correctly design a staircase, it is necessary to have analyzed in detail the space where it would be built or placed, and the functional and circulation relationships of all the related spaces, both those on the ground floor (from where the staircase starts), such as the analysis of the spaces of the upper floor(s).
This first analysis is essential and fundamental, so that the location of the staircase of a house is adequate, and then, we could start designing, with good footing, the shape and style of this architectural and structural element, (with possibilities of be sculptural, if it were design stairs), and that will connect the different floors of the house.
Generally, today, these are stairs that are totally or partially manufactured industrially. Its steps, at least, are usually produced in a factory in modular pieces of different styles, sizes, and materials.
These stairs made of hot or cold rolled metal can take any shape, whether straight, “L”, “U” or spiral. Its main drawback is its high cost, compared to concrete or wood stairs.
They are highly recommended for installation in small house spaces and with modern interior design. Another feature is its great durability, especially in climates that are not humid and indoors.
Models of Modern Metal Stairs
Bleacher Ideas to Play with a Slide
Spiral Stairs for Duplex Houses
They are generally built in reinforced concrete or metal, although these materials can be combined. The SPIRAL STAIRS are the most spectacular and striking that you can have in a duplex house.
30 Colonial Designs
The colonial stands will have their own characteristics according to their geometric, architectural and structural design, and at the same time, they will assimilate the colonial decorative style of the space that… SEE MORE.
Houses with Stairs Outside
In a small house, the available spaces and areas are smaller, so the designer who tries to design the rooms and the staircase that connects the different floors must be very precise, in each location that he makes, whether they are doors and windows, corridors, stairs, etc.
Locating the steps in a small house with two or more floors may be the most important issue to solve. By having less area and space, you should avoid…
Wood is another material that is commonly used in the design and construction of stairs. It is usually combined very well, especially with concrete (or perhaps it is your own taste), creating aesthetics that are very pleasing to the eye.
To see MORE EXAMPLES of wooden stairs, you can continue with the link.
Elegant glass stairs design for modern interiors.
This type of stairs convey lightness, neatness and sophistication, and transfer a very modern and contemporary expression to the space where they are located.
Modern Glass Stairs
They can be designed and built entirely in glass or just glass steps or glass railings. This type of glass design is usually the center of admiration of the space.
Modern Glass Stairs
Well Lit Stairs
You can illuminate the steps or opt for recessed lights in the steps themselves.
If the staircase is narrow, use white or light colors so that the light reflects the space and makes it appear larger.
Ladders for Small Spaces
In this case, it is about stairs for reduced and small spaces, therefore, they will not comply with the general ordinances, with steps of up to 180mm and/or treads of more than 250mm. Sometimes they are necessary.
To make up for the deficiency of some element of the stair design that may affect its safety and comfort, we can do the following:
- That the materials of the steps are made of wood or another flexible material.
- That the ladder has handrails on both sides, improving safety and comfort in its use.
- That the steps of the stairs are well lit.
- That there is a color contrast between the stairs and the floor and the surrounding walls.
- That the floor where the stairs come out, be made of a flexible material, wood, etc.
- That the edges and corners of the steps are rounded